WASHINGTON — Mexico has made progress in implementing the sweeping reforms to its labor system required by the new trade agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada, but serious challenges still remain, according to a new report by an independent board set up to evaluate those changes.
The report, the first to be issued by the Independent Mexico Labor Expert Board, highlights one of the foremost trade challenges for the incoming Biden administration: ensuring that the goals of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, which went into effect earlier this year, are realized.
The trade pact, which replaced the quarter-century old North American Free Trade Agreement, sought to improve labor conditions and pay for Mexican workers, as way to prevent companies from undercutting American and Canadian workers by moving their factories to Mexico.
Among other changes, the agreement called for sweeping reforms to Mexico’s laws and institutions to make its unions more democratic, and set up independent bodies like labor courts to enforce those reforms.
Ben Davis, the director of international affairs at the United Steelworkers and the chair of the independent board, said it “remains to be seen if Mexico’s labor reforms will allow its workers to escape the poverty wages that have done so much damage to them, and — through unfair competition — to workers in the U.S.”
Biden, Ben Davis, ”
Independent Mexico Labor, American Free Trade, United Steelworkers
WASHINGTON — Mexico, United States, Mexico, Canada, U.S