The European Court of Human Rights ruled on Tuesday that Russia was responsible for the 2006 killing of Alexander V. Litvinenko, who was poisoned with a deadly toxin at a London hotel.
The ruling concluded that the assassins were acting as “agents of the Russian state,” bolstering a separate inquiry by Britain that found “strong circumstantial evidence” that President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia and his spy chief at the time, Nikolai Patrushev, had approved an operation to kill Mr. Litvinenko, using a rare isotope, polonium 210.
Mr. Litvinenko was a former colonel in the F.S.B., the domestic successor to the Soviet-era K.G.B., who fled Russia via Georgia and Turkey in 2000 to seek asylum in Britain, where he became a whistle-blower and a vitriolic critic of Mr. Putin.
He died in November 2006, weeks after drinking green tea laced with polonium 210 at London’s Millennium Hotel.
Alexander V . Litvinenko, Vladimir V, Putin, Russia, Nikolai Patrushev, Mr, Litvinenko
European, of Human
Russia, London, Russian, Britain, Georgia, Turkey