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NAIROBI, Dec 4 (Reuters) - More than half of Tigrayan forces have withdrawn from the frontlines, the forces' top commander said, a month after a ceasefire agreement aimed at ending the two-year conflict in Ethiopia's northern Tigray region. "We have accomplished 65% disengagement of our army," Tadesse Wereda, commander-in-chief of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) said in a video posted on the forces' official Facebook page late on Saturday. War erupted in Ethiopia's northern Tigray region in November 2020, pitting the Tigrayan forces against federal troops and their allies that included fighters from the Amhara region that borders Tigray and Eritrean soldiers. Tadesse said TPLF was still maintaining fighters in some locations "where there is a presence of anti-peace forces". "Our forces are still on the ground in those places due to the problems they (anti-peace forces) are creating for our people.
REUTERS/Tiksa NegeriBENGALARU, Dec 2 (Reuters) - The World Health Organization said on Friday it still does not have the unfettered access to Ethiopia's northern Tigray region stipulated in a truce signed a month ago. Troops from Eritrea, to the north, and forces from the neighbouring Ethiopian region of Amhara, to the south, fought alongside Ethiopia's military in Tigray but were not party to the ceasefire. "That peace process has not yet resulted in the kinds of full access, unfettered access and in the massive scale of medical and health assistance that the people of Tigray need," WHO's emergencies director Mike Ryan said. Ethiopia's Minister of Health Lia Tadesse, State Minister Redwan Hussien, and government spokesperson Legesse Tulu did not respond to requests for comment. WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus in October accused Ethiopia's government of using the denial of food and healthcare as weapons of war in Tigray.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's government and Tigrayan forces signed a ceasefire on Nov. 2 to end two years of fighting that have killed thousands, shattered infrastructure and uprooted millions from their homes. The ICRC described the delivery into the regional capital Mekelle as the first international aid into Tigray since a previous ceasefire broke in August. We have discussed, agreed and signed," Abiy told Ethiopia's national parliament in his first comments on the ceasefire since it came into force. Abiy said on Tuesday that a territorial dispute between forces in Tigray and the neighbouring Amhara region should be resolved legally and through discussion. Authorities in Amhara last week welcomed the ceasefire agreement but made no mention of the disputed territory.
The deal will be put into effect "immediately", mediator Olusegun Obasanjo told a news conference before the signing. Both sides said they were committed to the declaration, stressing it was the only way to restore peace and stability. One of TPLF's representatives, General Tadesse Werede, said the declaration on implementation had given them hope that the suffering of the people in Tigray would end. The two sides agreed to a permanent cessation of hostilities in an unexpected diplomatic breakthrough in South Africa on Nov. 2. Reporting by Ayenat Mersie, Writing by Duncan Miriri and Elias Biryabarema; Editing by Clelia OzielOur Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
The truce has raised hopes humanitarian aid can start moving back into a region where hundreds of thousands face famine. Representatives of Ethiopia's military and government and forces from Tigray are in the Kenyan capital Nairobi to discuss how to begin implementing the ceasefire, with the talks set to last three or four days. Getachew Reda, spokesman for the Tigray authorities, said the talks were to figure out implementation of the agreement. In a statement on Monday, the AU said it expected the outcomes of the talks to "include modalities for silencing the guns, humanitarian access and the restoration of services in the Tigray region". The ceasefire agreement says Ethiopia's army will safeguard the country against "foreign incursion" but analysts are worried about whether Eritrea - the TPLF's sworn enemy - will listen.
CNN —When Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, he was lauded as a regional peacemaker. A year later, he launched a conflict that spiraled into a brutal civil war, spawning one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world. In November 2020, Abiy ordered a military offensive in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region and promised that the clash would be resolved quickly. Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP/Getty ImagesThe Tigray conflict has its roots in tensions that go back generations in Ethiopia. For months at the start of the conflict, Abiy denied that civilians were being harmed or that soldiers from Eritrea had joined the fight.
"I'm very happy - because this will put a hold on the suffering," said a Tigrayan man in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa who declined to be named out of fear of repercussions at his place of work. All sides fighting in the Tigray war committed violations that may amount to war crimes, according to a joint investigation by the United Nations and Ethiopia's state-appointed human rights commission. We haven't even gotten any voice messages from him," the Tigrayan man in Addis Ababa told Reuters. Human Rights Watch, citing witnesses, said 23 civilians were killed by Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) fighters in Kobo at that time. Just, literally everything," said Andom Gebreyesus, who ran a tour company in Tigray before the war.
CNN —It’s almost a year since marathon runner Gotytom Gebreslase last spoke to her parents over the phone, a detachment she feels most strongly during races. “My wish is to meet them soon – that would make me happy.”Gebreslase breaks the tape at the World Athletics Championships. Some reassurance over her parents’ safety arrived following Gebreslase’s victory at the world championships in July, when she came across a TV report featuring an interview with her mother. “The result I got in the world championships built my confidence,” she says. “When I started running, [my parents] didn’t discourage me, they were encouraging me – especially my mom,” says Gebreslase.
[1/3] A destroyed tank is seen in a field in the aftermath of fighting between the Ethiopian National Defence Force (ENDF) and the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) forces in Kasagita town, in Afar region, Ethiopia, February 25, 2022. Earlier on Wednesday, the AU had invited media to what it described as a briefing by Obasanjo. It was only when the event began, about three hours behind schedule, that it became clear a truce was about to be signed. Implementation of the peace agreement signed today is critical for its success," said Obasanjo, adding that this would be supervised and monitored by a high-level AU panel. Neither Eritrea nor the regional forces participated in the talks in South Africa and there was no mention at Wednesday's ceremony of whether they would abide by the truce.
Ethiopia’s Tigray rebels will eventually be disarmed and demobilized, according to the statement. “This is not the end of the peace process but the beginning of it,” Obasanjo said. ‘Horrific’ tollThe peace process has been fitful until now. Renewed peace talks began on October 24, marking the first time the two warring parties had met publicly since the conflict erupted. In a separate statement, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed also celebrated the conclusion of the talks saying, “our commitment to peace remains steadfast.
REUTERS/Tiksa Negeri/File PhotoNAIROBI, Oct 24 (Reuters) - An Ethiopian government delegation and rival Tigray forces were due to meet in South Africa for the first formal peace talks since war broke out two years ago. Register now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.com RegisterThe conflict has killed thousands, displaced millions and left hundreds of thousands on the brink of famine. Kindeya Gebrehiwot, a spokesman for the Tigray forces, said the Tigrayan delegation had already arrived. Both sides had committed to the talks in South Africa earlier this month, but they were delayed for logistical reasons. Register now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.com RegisterReporting by Nairobi Newsroom Editing by Alexander WinningOur Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
NAIROBI, Sept 28 (Reuters) - Satellite images show the mobilisation this month of military forces in towns on either side of Ethiopia's northern border with Eritrea, a private U.S. company said on Wednesday. Tigray forces have battled Ethiopia's federal army and its allies, including Eritrean troops and fighters from neighbouring Ethiopian regions, over the course of a nearly two-year war. 1/2 A satellite image shows the mobilization of military forces in the town of Shiraro, Tigray region, Ethiopia, September 26, 2022. Eritrean troops supported the Ethiopean military in earlier phases of the war. Ethiopian government spokesperson Legesse Tulu, military spokesperson Colonel Getnet Adane and the prime minister's spokesperson Billene Seyoum did not immediately respond to requests for comment about the images on Wednesday.
Members of Ethiopian Orthodox choir sing during the Meskel festival celebration to commemorate the discovery of the true cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified on at Meskel square, in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, September 26, 2022. REUTERS/Tiksa NegeriADDIS ABABA, Sept 27 (Reuters) - The shadow of war hung over Ethiopia's Meskel festival in Addis Ababa on Tuesday, with high security, low turnout and Orthodox Christian priests calling for peace and forgiveness in their sermons. As they do year after year, hundreds of priests, musicians and singers clad in white robes came together on the vast expanse of the capital's Meskel Square. "Just like the mothers were crying under the cross, our mothers in the North are also crying. Register now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.com RegisterReporting by Addis Ababa newsroom; Writing by Estelle Shirbon; Editing by Andrew HeavensOur Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
Register now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.com Register"Eritrea is deploying its entire army as well as reservists. Eritrean Information Minister Yemane Gebremeskel did not immediately respond to requests for comment. Gizachew Muluneh, spokesperson for the Amhara regional government, also did not immediately respond to a request for comment. On Saturday the Canadian government warned that Eritrea was mobilising armed forces due to the resumption of fighting in Tigray. Register now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.com RegisterReporting by Nairobi Newsroom; Editing by Andrew Heavens, Alexandra HudsonOur Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
The percentage of children in Tigray receiving routine vaccines has fallen below 10% this year, data from the Tigray Health Bureau shows, undoing years of government efforts to boost immunisation rates. read moreMEASLES OUTBREAKSHealth Minister Lia Tadesse said vaccines had been provided to Tigray this year and that more were ready to be delivered once conditions allowed. The rate across Ethiopia was 65% in 2021, according to data from the U.N. children's agency UNICEF. Ethiopia's health minister Lia said 860,000 doses of measles vaccines were delivered to Tigray last December and additional doses were delivered on April 2. WFP spokesperson Claire Nevill, however, said the agency was waiting on clearances from Ethiopia's government.
CNN —Forces in Ethiopia’s Tigray region said they are ready to observe an immediate ceasefire and accept an African Union-led peace process to end a conflict with federal forces that has stretched over nearly two years. Tigray’s negotiation team includes TPLF spokesman Getachew Reda, and General Tsadkan Gebretinsae, who are “ready to be deployed without delay,” the statement added. The Ethiopian government formed a committee in June to negotiate with forces from the Tigray region. The United Nations also welcomed the development and is ready to support the AU-led peace process, U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric said in a statement. Military hostilities between Ethiopian government forces and Tigrayan forces resumed last month after a months-long ceasefire.
Cel puţin 600 de persoane au fost ucise în cursul unui "masacru atroce" comis de membri ai miliţiilor din regiunea Tigray pe 9 noiembrie în localitatea Mai Kadra, la începutul conflictului din această regiune disidentă din nordul Etiopiei, a anunţat marţi o instituţie publică etiopiană, relatează AFP.Comisia etiopiană a drepturilor omului (EHRC), independentă din punct de vedere administrativ dar al cărui director, Daniel Bekele, a fost numit de prim-ministrul Abiy Ahmed, acuză într-un raport preliminar o miliţie informală a tinerilor din Tigray şi forţele de securitate loiale autorităţilor locale că sunt autoarele unui "masacru" care i-a vizat pe sezonierii din afara regiunii.Amnesty International a informat deja că "probabil sute" de civili au fost înjunghiaţi sau ucişi cu topoare pe 9 noiembrie la Mai Kadra, atrocitatea cea mai sângeroasă de la începutul - pe 4 noiembrie - operaţiunii militare lansate de guvernul federal împotriva autorităţilor regionale ale Frontului de eliberare a poporului din Tigray (TPLF).În raportul său, EHRC acuză o miliţie informală a tinerilor din Tigray, numită "Samri", sprijinită de forţele de securitate locale loiale TPLF, că, "înainte de a se retrage din faţa armatei federale", a atacat ţărani sezonieri "identificaţi că ar fi de etnie amhara şi wolkait", care lucrau în exploatări de susan sau de sorg. "De-a lungul întregii nopţi", autorii au ucis cu lovituri de bâte, cuţite, macete şi topoare sau "strangulând cu corzi", dedându-se la jafuri şi distrugere, menţionează EHRC, care estimează că aceste fapte "sunt susceptibile să constituie crime împotriva umanităţii şi crime de război".Bazându-se pe martori şi pe membri ai comitetului înfiinţat pentru îngroparea victimelor, "EHRC estimează că cel puţin 600 de civili au fost ucişi", dar "bilanţul ar putea fi mai ridicat, unele persoane fiind în continuare date dispărute la momentul vizitei EHRC", în timp ce unele cadavre ar fi fost ascunse pe câmpurile din jurul Mai Kadra. "Îngroparea victimelor a durat trei zile din cauza disparităţii între numărul ridicat de corpuri şi capacitatea de înhumare", potrivit raportului.ONU a făcut apel la o anchetă independentă pentru a stabili ce s-a întâmplat la Mai Kadra, în condiţiile în care Tigray este supusă unei întreruperi a alimentării cu electricitate iar deplasările jurnaliştilor sunt sever limitate.Fără a se pronunţa asupra autorilor "masacrului", Amnesty a citat mărturii care atribuie astfel de acte forţelor pro-TPLF.Totuşi, locuitorii din Mai Kadra care au fugit din calea luptelor alături de alţi 40.000 de etiopieni spre Sudan au acuzat forţele guvernamentale că au comis atrocităţi în localitate, teatrul unor lupte intense la începutul conflictului şi ajunsă ulterior în mâinile forţelor guvernamentale, scrie agerpres.ro.
Persons: Daniel Bekele, Ahmed Organizations: International, Frontului, Amnesty Locations: Tigray, Etiopiei, etiopieni, Sudan
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