The report "NATO 2030," prepared by a group of so-called wise persons and containing 138 proposals, comes amid growing doubts about the purpose and relevance of an alliance branded last year by French President Emmanuel Macron as "brain dead."
The 30-member alliance could also forge closer ties with non-NATO countries such as Australia and focus more on deterrence in space, where China is developing assets, the report suggests.
NATO should consider including China in NATO's official master strategy document, its "Strategic Concept", diplomats cited the report as saying, though it will stop short of declaring the country an adversary.
TensionsIn other recommendations, the report will suggest that NATO foreign ministers meet more regularly and will call for a strengthening of the secretary-general's role as an international mediator.
The report will be discussed by NATO foreign ministers on Tuesday before being presented to the alliance's heads of state and government next year.
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